People who own cats are some of the most dedicated pet owners in the world. They love their little friends and do many things with them. A cat owner should understand there are a number of diseases that affect their felines. Some of these are not that common but can be fatal.
One is known as feline leukemia. Cats can get this disease from sharing food and even water bowls. The disease can be passed on from a mother to her kittens. This is a disease that has no cure at the present time.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) is a blood related disease which many outdoor cats are susceptible to getting. This particular disease can remain dormant in the bloodstream but will eventually become active. Ulcers on the tongue, progressive loss of weight, and skin disease are among some of the symptoms. This is killer and will break down the immune system of any cat that contracts it.
Older cats are susceptible to kidney disease and renal failure is a major cause of death in a more mature feline. It can happen when the animal accidentally eats a poisonous substance, but genetics also play a factor. It can surface as either have acute or chronic renal failure. A chronic variety causes a gradual deterioration of the kidney functions, while acute renal failure shuts down the kidney entirely. More frequent than normal urination, nausea, dehydration, and a loss of appetite are some of the symptoms of this disease for which there is no cure.
Certain diseases are age-related and kittens are at risk for feline distemper. Contaminated water bowls, dirty litter boxes, and food are the main sources of the disease. The immune system and urinary track of the cat are impacted. Diarrhea, dehydration, and vomiting are warning signs that feline distemper may be a problem. This is a particular disease that must be taken care of immediately because it can kill within 24 hours of being contracted.
Rabies do not just affect dogs. Cats can get rabies and this is a disease which can be transmitted to humans. Rabies rarely comes from other cats; wild animals who bite are the ordinary source of transfer. There is an incubation period within the animal for up to five weeks. Drooling, depression, and yowling are some of the symptoms that the cat has rabies. It is a disease that attacks the nervous system, and it is fatal. Sadly, there currently is no treatment for rabies in a cat.
The question now facing cat owners is how to prevent these diseases? It is important to know about prevention because several have no known cures. Vaccination is the primary way of keeping your kitty safe. Many the vaccines are part of a standard package, especially for kittens. A trip to the veterinarian can see to it that a rabies vaccination and the distemper shot are administered. Renal failure can be managed through medication and diet. The good news is that the animal can live for extended periods of time using only a tiny portion of the renal tissue.
Keeping things clean and tidy will also be a big help. The water and food bowls your cat uses must be kept clean, and that means using the dishwasher or carefully washing and rinsing the dishes with soapy water. The litter box has to be routinely cleaned out. You might not want to feed your cat outdoors, and be sure that any water bowl outside has clean water in it. Much of this is common sense when you think about it. Unclean and unsanitary areas are breeding grounds for virus. You may want to think twice about having your animal outside all night. It encourages contact with wild animals or other disease bearing cats. Keeping your pet inside overnight is a way of keeping little guy healthy.
Annual checkups with the veterinarian is very good for the cat. If there is unusual behavior, schedule an appointment right away. This is all intended to see to it that your feline is healthy and active. Cats can live for very long lives if properly cared for by their owners. Your little friend can be with you for quite some time but only if you are vigilant.