Owners would love to have their pets live as many years as possible. The only way that can happen is to pay close attention to their health. Rabies is not the only disease that can end the life of a dog or cat. Distemper, heartworm, and various diseases peculiar to a given breed can kill an animal or debilitate it. Making sure your pet is vaccinated is important.
There are some vaccines which can be considered core vaccinations. These are given early on to puppies and, usually when they are six weeks old. Rabies is a core vaccine. In fact, it is a requirement in many states and owners face legal penalties for not vaccinating their animal. Puppies should have a parvovirus vaccination by the time they are five weeks old. Distemper and Adenovirus are also core vaccines. Cats are susceptible to some diseases which can be fatal. Feline distemper can be considered a core vaccine in the same goes for feline herpesvirus.
Other vaccines are determined by where you live and whether or not you have an outdoor pet. Bordetella, commonly known as kennel cough, can lead to pneumonia, and you have to guard against it. Dogs which spend a lot of time outside or in the woods are exposed to the possibility of ticks. It is why Lyme disease vaccinations are necessary. Other parasites may spread infection, and it makes additional shots critical parts of a dog’s health care. A simplified vaccine would be for a dog that’s is not spent time in wildlife or has very little contact with other dogs. The ingredients for other vaccines depend on what medical conditions the animal may be exposed to on a regular basis.
The frequency of vaccination will depend on the age of the animal. Puppies will have any scheduled vaccinations to be performed in the first year. Once they have those shots, core vaccinations are to be given at least every 3 years. It still has to be remembered that vaccinations such as rabies are governed by state and local law. As a pet owner, you will have to follow those guidelines.
There is a debate about the frequency of vaccinations and also whether or not there are health risks. The concern is that there may be a reaction to vaccinations, which could threaten the life of the pet. To be sure, there can be allergic reactions to the vaccine. These are known almost immediately by swelling, or some other visibly noticed reaction. These sudden conditions make it important for a pet owner to discuss any possible response to a vaccine. It is also a reason why any vaccine should be administered in the office of the veterinarian. In the event of any reaction, the medical facility and expertise are there to treat the pet quickly.
The concern of a pet owner regarding allergic reactions should be respected. However, the alternative is severe. Some of the diseases for which vaccination are used to stop work rapidly within the animal’s body. Death can come in a matter of days or even hours in certain situations. But also has to be remembered is that some of these diseases are contagious. The virus can very easily spread to other animals in the house, or in the neighborhood. Deciding not to vaccinate your cat or dog carries with it some far-reaching risks.
The vaccinations are all preventive medicine. It is essential that core vaccines be administered in the early stages of life. Puppies and kittens are very susceptible to diseases which could kill them. While there is a debate about annual vaccines, the best authority on this is your veterinarian. This person should be allowed to guide a pet owner. A schedule of vaccinations can be arranged, and it can be determined if future treatments should be done annually or every three years. A good thing about regular shots is it provides your veterinarian an opportunity to inspect your pet. There may be some problems that are just starting to show. The vaccination visit can also address those difficulties.
The health of your pet should never be taken for granted. You have to be concerned about various diseases and how to prevent them. Vaccination is the accepted means of protection against some very deadly diseases.